Timestamps in .xsession-errors #c #unix #x
Once in a while it annoys me that the logfile that the
programs I start under X outputs to,
~/.xsession-errors, has no
A quick online search reveals that I'm not the only one - but I didn't find any satisfactory solution.
Then I thought "I know Unix!" and proceeded to make my
~/.xsession-errors a named pipe:
mv -i .xsession-errors .xsession-errors.log mkfifo --mode 0600 .xsession-errors
My cunning plan was then to have timestamp read from the pipe and write to a file, which would then have the timestamps, yay! (I don't want two copies of the log file, without and with timestamps, because I'm tidy that way.)
The first problem is that the login manager I use, lightdm, renames and
priv->log_filename = g_strdup (".xsession-errors"); priv->log_mode = LOG_MODE_BACKUP_AND_TRUNCATE; priv->to_child_input = -1; priv->from_child_output = -1;
so my pipe just disappears, and I'm back to a log file with no timestamps.
As lightdm is free and open source software I could just download the source package, change the LOG_MODE-line, build it, and install the resulting package.
But I am lazy, so instead I thought "Hmm, I wonder if I could just patch the binary? LOG_MODE_APPEND has the value 1".
I have no experience in disassembling binaries, so I looked around and
Cutter /usr/sbin/lightdm, searched for
.xsession-errors, clicked to see the cross references, and found some
x86 assembly code that looked just about right:
0x0001e839 lea rdi, str..xsession_errors ; 0x3566f 0x0001e840 mov qword [rbx + 0x18], rax 0x0001e844 mov rbp, rax 0x0001e847 call g_strdup ; sym.imp.g_strdup 0x0001e84c mov qword [rbp + 0x80], rax 0x0001e853 mov rax, qword [rbx + 0x18] 0x0001e857 mov dword [rax + 0x88], 0 0x0001e861 mov qword [rax + 0x14], 0xffffffffffffffff
Now, I haven't ever done anything in x86 assembly either, but how hard
can it be? It looks like it calls
g_strdup, and then something is set
0 and something else to
-1. That's very similar to the C-code
So I changed the
, 0 to
, 1 and saved the result.
Now, to find the right place to start consuming from the named pipe was a little tricky, the places I tried first started reading too late, which meant that the pipe filled up and logging in stalled. Not so great.
I ended up adding a script run with
@reboot in my personal crontab,
where the script looks like this:
#!/bin/sh if [ -p ".xsession-errors" ]; then exec timestamp < ~/.xsession-errors ~/.xsession-errors.log else tail -f ~/.xsession-errors | timestamp ~/.xsession-errors.log fi
(so it works regardless of whether
~/.xsession-errors is a named pipe
or a real file).
A quick reboot later, and I now have the coveted timestamps in my
~/.xsession-errors.log (and no duplication) - woohoo!
Thanks to @kas for goading me on and suggesting solutions and things to try.
To avoid spam many websites make you fill out a CAPTCHA, or log in via an account at a corporation such as Twitter, Facebook, Google or even Microsoft GitHub.
I have chosen to use a more old school method of spam prevention.
To post a comment here, you need to:
¹ Such as Thunderbird, Pan, slrn, tin or Gnus (part of Emacs).
- Configure a newsreader¹ to connect to the server
- Open the newsgroup called
1119using nntps (nntp over TLS).
lantern.koldfrontand post a follow up to the article.
Or, you can fill in this form: